One Man's Paradise

Happy birthday!

“Only by going alone in silence,
without baggage,
can one truly

get into the heart of the wilderness.
All other travel is mere dust

and hotels and baggage and chatter.”

John Muir

Those are the words of John Muir, who was a loud and clear voice in the creation of the national park system in the United States. His travels in and writings about the wilderness of North America had an influence on many, including Theodore Roosevelt. Interestingly, John Muir was opposed to the government running the national park system, as he considered many politicians as being incompetent, to put it politely. He wanted the US Army to run the park system. John Muir died 2 years before the National Park Service was instituted by Congress in 1916.

Today we celebrate the 100th birthday of the National Park Service.

The Organic Act of 1916 states the mission and goal of the National Park Service, which is “…to conserve the scenery and the natural and historic objects and the wild life therein and to provide for the enjoyment of the same in such manner and by such means as will leave them unimpaired for the enjoyment of future generations.”

Many voices and powers have formed the NPS into its current shape. Already at it’s 75th birthday it was recognized that “…the Service faces challenges greater than at any time in its history. The parks, many buffered by rural or wilderness surroundings in years past, are increasingly besieged by development. What goes on outside their boundaries can affect their air, their water, their wildlife, their natural and historic ambience, as profoundly as what goes on within. Natural and cultural landmarks outside the parks face similar threats, prompting pressures to include them in the park system.”


Denali National Park, Alaska

 My feelings about the national parks are ambivalent. The idea to preserve wilderness and history for future generations is commendable. However, what we consider wilderness and how we access and manage wilderness is contentious. I am with Edward Abbey, who suggested parks with limited access by automobile. I know this is not a very popular proposition, but it is the only way to experience real wilderness, as described by John Muir. Thanks to their remoteness, size, and administration some parks in Alaska come very close to John Muir’s idea. Access to Denali, Wrangell-St.Elias, Glacier Bay, and other parks in the state is limited due to their remote location and their sheer size. Those are the places that appeal to me.

In the 80’s I spent many days and nights in Yosemite Valley. Above the valley floor it is strikingly beautiful, but I never understood, why we had 1-hour film processing and other unnecessary amenities in the valley. There was a time when private traffic was banned in the valley, which I thought was a great idea. Today, up to 21,000 visitors find their way into the valley on a peak day! Campsites are hard to get without advance reservation. The Park Service has the difficult task to balance conservation and visitation. In 1917 there were 11,000 visitors in the park all year!

I think it is worthwhile, especially on a day like this, to reflect on our views of wilderness and conservation. Do we really need to drive our vehicles into parks and expect to see wildlife and pristine landscapes from the comfort of our cars?

I think wilderness is something that cannot be experienced from a vehicle. It requires effort, sweat, patience, and time…

It is not available on demand.

It is an experience that you cannot buy.

It is priceless.

Without it our planet is a cold, dead place.

To the next 100 years!


6 thoughts on “Happy birthday!

  1. I have missed your words of wisdom, but gratefully read and agree with this posting. I found your words true especially after living on the edge of nowhere and taking the time to do nothing but stand alone in silence in a wilderness touched by the hand of God.

  2. I agree with the idea of keeping the wilderness pristine and not allowing cars into the parks in principle. Leaving foot and tyre tracks is not ideal. It damages the forest floor and the fauna that depend on it. Diesel fumes and noise both pollutes and changes wild animal behaviour. Some wild animals are developing a taste for man food (further changing their natural grazing and hunting instincts). I think visitors and camping permits be severely limited to certain small boundaries and only hikers allowed further access.

    But, unless one allows some visitors, via car if absolutely necessary, one can’t hope to give city dwellers a sense of how important these places are.

    I think Bhutan is one, if not the only, country that totally preserves it’s forests and wildlife and actually increases them each year. Of course countries like Sweden/Finland/Denmark etc manage their forests in a sustainable way, so that while most houses are built from wood, they are not causing de-forestation and damage to the landscape per se. Still, there are very few communities living the nomadic sustainable lifestyle of yesteryear. There are few cultures that live in Nature and respect her boundaries.

    Unless man learns to live alongside the flora and fauna of the wilderness as Indigenous peoples have over many centuries, (perhaps reverting to a Hunter-Gather lifestyle of the Palaeolithic era ?), it will be difficult for the Planet to survive far into the future. It’s all very well to teach our children about environmental issues and sustainability in schools, but with all the modern technology that is pretty much mandatory to their getting a job and earning a living in large cities, that early education is merely a passing ‘fantasy’. While our diets (and I actually follow a Paleo diet about 97%), are from unsustainable farming practices, there will continue to be degradation of the landscape and it’s follow-on effect on wildlife.

    Unless Governments and Politicians create laws and enforce them, modern western society will continue to upset the balance of Nature. I say ‘western’ as many Eastern and Asian cultures live a sustainable way in the country areas and on small islands.

    • Thank you Vicki for your commentary. I agree with. Maybe we need both: Wilderness for city folks and real wilderness! You are right. Unless people have a taste and an appreciation for wilderness they will not support the real wilderness.

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